Tuesday, 16 September 2014

The Shantiparva of Mahabharata

When I became a Judge in the Allahabad High Court in 1991 I was new to the job. So I thought of getting some guidance as to how to function as a Judge, and for that I turned to  the Shantiparva of the Mahabharata.

 When the Mahabharat war was over, Bheeshma Pitamah, the eldest among the Kaurav warriors, was lying on a bed of arrows. Lord Krishna told Yudhishthir that soon he was to become the King, as the Kauravas had been defeated. So he must learn statecraft ( raj dharma), and the best person to teach him this was Bheeshma Pitamah, who was shortly going to give up his body, and therefore this was the best opportunity to learn from him.

On Lord Krishna's suggestion, Yudhishthir went to Bheeshma Pitamah, and after paying obeisance to him, started asking him questions as to how a king should conduct himself. Yudhishthir would ask him one question, and Bheeshma Pitamah would reply. Then Yudhishthir would ask another question, and received the reply to that too. In this way almost the whole of Shantiparva consists of questions and answers.

 Among the things which Bheeshma Pitamah said to Yudhishthir was contained in this shloka :
 " Mridur hi raja satatam langhyo bhavati sarvashah
   Teekshrnyaat cha udvijate lokah, tasmaat ubhayam aashraya "
   i.e.
 " If the King is always lenient, nobody pays heed to his orders
    And if he is always harsh the people become terrorized

   Therefore a King should sometimes be lenient and sometimes harsh ( depending on the circumstances ) "

 Bheeshma Pitamah said the same thing in another shloka of the Shantiparva :
" Tasmaat naiva mridur nityam teekshno naiva bhavet nripah
   Vaasantarka iva shriman na sheeto na cha dharmadah "
 i.e.
 " Just as in the springtime ( vasant ritu ) the Sun makes the weather neither too cold nor too hot, so also the King should neither be too harsh nor too lenient "

 Bheeshma Pitamah goes on to say :

" The King should not always forgive, for then the wicked people shall regard him as weak and ignore him.
The King should take care of people who cannot take care of themselves, e.g. the old and the infirm. and punish the wicked.''

O Yudhishthir, I know that by nature you are forgiving and merciful, but the state cannot be governed in this manner. By always forgiving and being merciful, you will be regarded as a coward by the people and not given  respect.

O Yudhishthir. you must never oppress the weak or the poor, for then their anger will one day become like a raging fire and devour you. "

 There were many other such marvellous shlokas in the Shantiparva.

 I was totally absorbed in reading and thinking about all this for a long time. How could our ancestors think out such detailed and sagacious features of statecraft thousands of years ago ? What kind of people were they ? What sublime, lofty, and exalted ideas !

 The judicial function is a sovereign function, and used to be performed in earlier times by the King himself. Later, when the King acquired many other functions, he delegated the judicial function to his delegates, who became known as Judges. So the advice of Bheeshma Pitamah applies not only to Kings, but also to Judges.

  I followed this advice throughout my 20 year judicial career, from 1991 when I was appointed Judge of Allahabad High Court, to 2011 when I retired as a Supreme Court Judge.

  If a case came before me of a hardened criminal, or a big time financial crook, or of 'honour killing ', ' encounter killing ', dowry death,  harrassment of the poor by the rich and powerful, etc I was very harsh and gave harsh punishment.

 But if the case was of a handicapped person, a widow, a person in distress for no fault of his, an orphan, an oppressed or poor person, etc I was very tender and compassionate, and tried to bend the law as much as I could in his favour to give him relief.

 I recommend everyone to read the Shantiparva of the Mahabharata

6 comments:

  1. Good advice to follow in personal and professional life.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Desi Girl And Aunty Big BooBs And Ass Gaand Fucking

      Dawnload Busty Aunty With Young Man 3Gp Indian Sex Video

      Indian Aunty Nude Bathing Video By Hidden Camera

      Student Fuck Madam In College Bathroom- Hidden Camera Video

      Bangladeshi Bhabhi Sex With Devar When Husband Going To Office

      Afgan Muslim Girl Fucking With Boyfriend

      Tamanna Aunty Sucking A Big Dick

      Busty Indian Aunty Hard Doggy Style Fucking

      Desi College Girl Fucking in Car by Boyfriend

      Mature Bangali Bhavi Testing Young Dick

      Desi Aunty Making Her Own Naked Dance Video

      Desi Aunty Nude Show Infront Of Webcam

      NRI Punjabi Girl Threesome Fuck Video

      Indian aunty fucked in doggy style and moaning loudly MMS

      Horny Indian College Girl rubbing tits and fingering Cunt before fuck MMS

      Desi Girl enjoying rough sex in Various positions

      Indian Free porn videos mp4 and 3gp Desi XXX Porn

      Pakistani Muslim School Girl Rape By Teacher

      Two American school teen girls fucked by one Indian teen boy

      Busty Indian maid aunty sucking cock and balls fucked hard at home MMS

      South Indian tamil maama maami couples naked nude images

      Chennai Aunty Bathing Nude Photos Without Dress at Bathroom

      Sexy cute desi girls have hot big boobs body

      Beautiful Indian Sex Goddess naked sexy ass natural big Boobs

      Real Mms Maal: Telugu Maid Fucked Her Big Butt And Pussy

      _______________★★★★★★★
      _____________★★★★★★★★★
      ___________ ★★★★★★★★★★
      __________ ★★★★★★★★★★★
      _________ ★★★★★★★★★★★★
      _________ ★★★★★★★★★★★
      _________★★★_★★★★★★★★★
      ________ ★★★_★★★★★★★★★
      _______ ★★★__★★★★★★★★
      ______ ★★★___★★★★★
      ___★★★★★__★★★★★★
      ★★★★★★★_★★★★★★★
      _★★★★_★★★★★★★★★★★★
      _★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      _★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      _★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      _★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      _★★★★★_★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      ★★★★__ ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      ★★★_____ ★★★★★★★★★★★★
      _★★★ _____★★★★★★
      __★★★ ____★★★★★★
      ____★★___★★★★★★★★
      _____★★_★★★★★★★★★★
      _____★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      ____★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      ___★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      ___★★★★★★CLICKHERE★★★★★★★★★
      ___★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      ___★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
      ____★★★★★★★★★★★★____★★★★★★★★
      _____★★★★★★★★★★★______★★★★★★★
      _______★★★★★★★★★_____★★★★★★★
      _________★★★★★★____★★★★★★★
      _________★★★★★__★★★★★★★
      ________★★★★★_★★★★★★★
      ________★★★★★★★★★★
      ________★★★★★★★★
      _______★★★★★★★
      _______★★★★★
      ______★★★★★
      ______★★★★★
      _______★★★★
      _______★★★★
      _______★★★★
      ______★★★★★★
      _____★★★★★★★★
      _______|_★★★★★★★
      _______|___★★★★★★★

      Delete
  2. Dear Sir/Madam,

    I am a helpless guy living alone in Bangalore. Due to Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), my parents disowned me, I did not have any boy/girl friends and lived alone all through my life.

    When former finance minister Mr. P.Chidambaram was in power, he had special team for wiretapping, reconnaissance, surveillance, espionage etc to keep a track on his loyalists in their party and to play mind games and psychological warfare on their political opponents and enemies. My name was also added to this list due to vested interest, pleasure and ego of former finance minister of India Mr. P.Chidambaram's family and their close associates (cronies). I am being continuously harassed and abused for last 4 years by Mr P.Chidambaram family and their close associates. They did phone tapping, spying, character assassination etc on me. Most things in my life was crushed. The only thing left with me is an asset worth around Rs 1.5 crores without any court litigation or encroachment. The title of the asset is clear and Encumbrance Certificate (E.C) is also clear. But these people want to grab my only asset, crush me completely and leave me on the streets by other means like threatening etc.

    Since I always lived alone, I do not have anyone to help me. I am going through lot of pain and suffering. Since Mr. P.Chidambaram was in power till Lok Sabha elections of 2014, I could not do anything. At least now I want to start a new life. I beg some good people to rescue and save me. I don't have much time left so please help me fast i.e within next seven days. Please share this message with your friends and group that might help me. My email id is durosas.pathika@gmail.com I am enclosing a link to a very important document (PDF file) that contains my whole story.

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B85TKPb3bE_La3prV0RWZ19rUTQ/edit?usp=sharing

    ReplyDelete
  3. Dear Mr Katju,Why don't you suggest Star Plus channel to create a serial on Shantiparv of Mahabharata like 'Satyamev Jayete".Your words will carry a lot of weight.At least you can send your this blog to the CEO under my request,in case you feel uneasy to do it yourself. I will be grateful if you react to my advice.

    ReplyDelete
  4. WONDERFUL AND MOTIVATING..............THANKS

    ReplyDelete
  5. Very very nice.... I am a big fan of Mahabharata .. Every abstract thought of it is Gold.

    ReplyDelete