Sunday, 20 September 2015

Tamil in Madras High Court


I received a telephone call a short while back from a Tamilian lawyer in Chennai practising in the Madras High Court. He told me that the High Court lawyers in both benches of the Madras High Court, in Chennai and in Madurai,  are agitating for quite some time demanding that Tamil should be allowed in proceedings before the High Court. Some lawyers are on hunger strike, some have been arrested for disturbing proceedings in the Courts, and others are agitating in other ways.

 I believe that the demand of the lawyers is totally justified.

 In this connection I may refer to Article 348 (2) of the Indian Constitution which says :

" (2) Notwithstanding anything in sub-clause (a) of clause (1), the Governor of a State may, with the previous consent of the President, authorise the use of the Hindi language, or any other language used for any official purposes of the State, in proceedings in the High Court having its principal seat in that State:

Provided that nothing in this clause shall apply to any judgment, decree or order passed or made by such High Court. "

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, the Official Languages Act, 1963 was enacted by Parliament, section 7 of which states :

" As from the appointed day or any day thereafter, the Governor of a State may, with the previous consent of the President, authorise the use of Hindi or the official language of the State, in addition to the English language, for the purpose of any judgment, decree or order passed or made by the High court for that State,  and where any judgment, decree or order is passed or made in any such language (other than the English language), it shall be accompanied by a translation of the same in the English language issued under the authority of the High Court. "


 Under these provisions  the states of U.P. Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have permitted use of Hindi in Court proceedings and also for passing orders and judgments in the High Court. I myself used to speak often in Hindi in the Allahabad High Court, both as a lawyer and as a Judge.. There are some lawyers like Pt. Daya Shankar Mishra, a senior lawyer in the Allahabad High Court, who argue only in Hindi, and some Judges like late Justice P.S. Gupta who used to encourage lawyers to argue in Hindi, and used to pass judgments in Hindi.

 Why then  should other languages like Tamil, Bengali, Punjabi, Kannada, Malayalam,  Gujrati, Kashmiri, Marathi, Telugu, Oriya, Assamese  etc not be allowed in Court proceedings in the High Courts ? All languages in our country are equal, and need to be developed.So I fully support the demand of the Tamil lawyers.

 However, this should be subject to the following conditions :

(1) A lawyer should have the option to argue in Tamil or in English

(2) Some Judges come from other states who do not know Tamil. This category. would include the Chief Justice, because the policy is that the Chief Justice of the High Court must be from another state. Arguments before such Judges should be in English, otherwise he would not understand it.

(3) While judgments and orders by Judges should be permitted to be passed in Tamil, preferably they should be in English. This is because judgments of a particular High Court are often cited in other High Courts too. Although they are not binding in other High Courts, they have persuasive value. So unless they are in English, they may not be understood.

I am coming to Chennai to attend a function for release of a book on Mediation by senior lawyer, Mr. Sriram Panchu on 7th October, and intend to stay in Chennai for a few days. During that period I shall seek an appointment with the Chief Minister and Chief Justice and ask them to do the needful to permit use of Tamil in the Madras High Court.

 In the meantime I appeal to the lawyers to suspend their agitation for a while. I will personally take up their cause with the concerned authorities.

 I had been the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court ( from 2004 to 2005 ) and Tamilians gave me great respect and love. So even after I left the Court ( to take over as Chief Justice of Delhi High Court ), I have been trying to help the High Court even thereafter in whatever way I could

11 comments:

  1. SAYA PAK,ANTON INGIN BERBAGI CERITA KEPADA KALIAN SEMUA ,dulunya sy seorang guru honor yg hidup susah dan banyak hutan ,krn gaji yg tdk cukup untuk menghidupi ke luarnga sy ,ahirnya sy coba untuk menghubungi AKI MUPENG dan dgn senang hati AKI mau membatu sy untuk memberikan angka hasil ritualnya ,dan angka yg diberikan AKI MUPENG benar-benar terbukti tembus dan saya mengucapkan banyak terimakasih kepada AKI MUPENG yang telah menolong saya dalam kesulitan ini tidak pernah terfikirkan dari benak saya kalau nomor yang saya pasang bisa tembus dan ALHAMDULILLAH kini saya sekeluarga sudah bisa melunasi semua hutang2 kami,sebenarnya saya bukan penggemar togel tapi apa boleh buat kondisi yang tidak memunkinkan dan akhirnya saya minta tolong sama AKI MUPENG dan dengan senang hati AKI MUPENG mau membantu saya..,ALHAMDULILLAH nomor yang dikasi AKI MUPENG semuanya bener2 terbukti tembus dan baru kali ini saya menemukan dukun yang jujur,jangan anda takut untuk menhubungiya jika anda ingin mendapatkan nomor yang betul2 tembus seperti saya,silahkan hubungi AKI MUPENG DI nomor 0852 9445 0976 atau KLIK DISINI ,INI KISAH NYATA DARI SY TEMAN” ,terima kasih










    SAYA PAK,ANTON INGIN BERBAGI CERITA KEPADA KALIAN SEMUA ,dulunya sy seorang guru honor yg hidup susah dan banyak hutan ,krn gaji yg tdk cukup untuk menghidupi ke luarnga sy ,ahirnya sy coba untuk menghubungi AKI MUPENG dan dgn senang hati AKI mau membatu sy untuk memberikan angka hasil ritualnya ,dan angka yg diberikan AKI MUPENG benar-benar terbukti tembus dan saya mengucapkan banyak terimakasih kepada AKI MUPENG yang telah menolong saya dalam kesulitan ini tidak pernah terfikirkan dari benak saya kalau nomor yang saya pasang bisa tembus dan ALHAMDULILLAH kini saya sekeluarga sudah bisa melunasi semua hutang2 kami,sebenarnya saya bukan penggemar togel tapi apa boleh buat kondisi yang tidak memunkinkan dan akhirnya saya minta tolong sama AKI MUPENG dan dengan senang hati AKI MUPENG mau membantu saya..,ALHAMDULILLAH nomor yang dikasi AKI MUPENG semuanya bener2 terbukti tembus dan baru kali ini saya menemukan dukun yang jujur,jangan anda takut untuk menhubungiya jika anda ingin mendapatkan nomor yang betul2 tembus seperti saya,silahkan hubungi AKI MUPENG DI nomor 0852 9445 0976 atau KLIK DISINI ,INI KISAH NYATA DARI SY TEMAN” ,terima kasih

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. PENGAKUAN SAYA BERSAMA KELUARGAKU INI BUKAN CERITA ATAU PUN REKAYASA BENER-BENER TERBUKTI SAMA SAYA.
      Terima kasih sebesar-besarnya yang kami ucapkan kepada mbah warjoh yang telah memberikan keberhasilan dan keberuntungan bagi keluarga saya.berkat bantuan beliau saya sekarang sudah hidup tenang karena suamiku sudah punya usaha tambak yang luasnya sekitar 5 hektar kurang lebih. begitupun juga saya dirumah buka warung sembakau dan sekarang pun saya sekeluarga tidak di kejar-kejar hutang lagi. mulanya keluarga Kami di berikan angka gaib hasil ritual dari mbah warjoh yang sangat Jitu 100% dijamin tembus.sehingga keluarga saya sekarang merasa tenang lagi.sekali lagi terima kasih mbah jasamu dikeluarga saya tidak akan terlupakan.Jika anda butuh angka gaib hasil ritual mbah warjoh silahkan Tanyakan aja Pada mbah dinomer hp beliau di: 0851 4534 4218 atau silahkan KLIK DISINI Terima kasih

      Delete
    2. Sebelumnya perkenalkan nama saya Rahmad Bastian di jawa tengah ingin menceritakan kepada semua teman-teman bahwa saya yg dulunya orang yg paling susah kampungku,buat makan aja harus ngutan dulu ama tetangga itupun kalau ada yg mau ngasi,semakin saya berusaha semakin susah juga dapat pekerjaan dan selama saya ingin berbuat baik kepada orang lain semakin banyak pula yang benci ama saya dan cuma dianggap orang rendah,miskin,tidak punya apa-apa. Maka dari itu saya akhirnya bertekat untuk pergi mencari dukun yang bisa merubah nasib saya disuatu hari saya bertemu sama orang yang pernah dibantu ama AKI ROTAK dan dia memberikan nomer AKI ROTAK ,dia juga bilan kepada saya kalau AKI ROTAK bisa membantu orang yang lagi kesusahan,dan saya tidak berpikir panjang lebar lagi saya langsun menghubungi AKI ROTAK dengan senan hati AKI ROTAK ingin membantu saya dengan jalan togel,dan alhamdulillah saya sudah menang togel yang ke3 kalinya.setelah keberhasilan ini rencana saya ama keluarga ingin buka usaha demi untu kebutuhan keluarga yang tercinta sekali lagi makasih ya aki atas bantuanya jasa aki tidak akan perna saya lupakan.bagi teman-teman diluar sana yang ingin seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI ROTAK di 082388316533 atau silahkan KLIK DISINI dan saya sangat bersyukur kepada allah swt karna melalui bantuan AKI ROTAK kini kehidupan saya sudah jauh lebih baik dari sebelumnya,ingat kesempatan tidak akan datan untuk yg kedua kalinya.

      Delete
    3. KISAH NYATA DARI SAYA BPK.KARTA BUKAN REKAYASA INI BETUL2 NYATA DIKELUARGA KAMI.
      Assalamualaikum wr.wb,saya BPK.KARTA seorang buruh tani di madium jawa timur ingin mengucapka banyak terimah kasih kepada KI WARSA atas bantuan AKI. kini impian saya selama ini sudah jadi kenyataan dan berkat bantuan KI WARSA pula yang telah memberikan angka gaib hasil ritual beliau kepada saya yaitu 4D dan alhamdulillah telah berhasil memenangkan 5x berturut turut tembus.sekali lagi makasih yaa AKI karna waktu itu saya cuma bermodalkan uang cuma 200 ribu dan akhirnya saya menang.Berkat angka gaib hasil ritual AKI WARSA saya sudah buka usaha matreal di jakarta dan istri saya juga buka butyk baju dimall mangga dua. Kini kehidupan keluarga saya jauh lebih baik dari sebelumnya,bagi anda yg ingin seperti saya silahkan HUB/SMS AKI WARSA di nomor hpnya di: 0852 4968 9269 atau KLIK DISINI dan ramalan AKI WARSA memang memiliki ramalan GAIB” yang dijamin 100% tembus.
      KARNA RASA HATI YANG GEMBIRA MAKANYA NAMA BELIAU SAYA CANTUNKAN DI INTERNET…

      *angka ritual gaib singapura

      *angka ritual gaib hongkong

      *angka ritual gaib malyaisia

      *angka ritual gaib sidney

      *angka ritual gaib kuda lari.

      Delete
  2. 300 million (30%) in India are Untouchable; But 30% of Supreme Court Judges in India are NOT Untouchable/Dalit;

    ReplyDelete
  3. English is the present and only English is the future; not Tamil, Urdu, Sanskrit, Hindi etc.

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  4. Vernacular languages can be used before judges as long as the judges know that particular language.But i am not seeing any merit in the movement of Tamil Lawyers.English is the best official language which can be used easily with high cost-effectiveness.Since Tamil Nadu is a literate state it's population should wholeheartedly welcome English.In a diverse country like ours only English has the capacity to unite us rightly or wrongly.For general public court can arrange translator and interpreter to convert their applications /submissions /plea /questioning/cross-examination into English but licensed lawyers should always use English.

    ReplyDelete
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    1. This comment has been removed by the author.

      Delete
  5. Saya ingin menyampaikan kepada
    seluruh TKI yang bekerja di negeri orang ,,
    saya PAK DENDI seorang TKI DI MALAYSIA
    pengen pulang ke indonesia tapi gak ada ongkos pulang
    sempat saya putus asa, apa lagi istri dengan keadaan hamil
    dan gaji aku pun buat makansehari2 saja, sedangkan hutang banyak.
    kebetulan istri saya buka-buka facebook mendapatkan
    nomor MBAH KASENG katanya bisa bantu orang melunasi hutang
    melalui jalan TOGEL ,,dengan keadaan susah jadi saya coba
    hubungi MBAH karna saya pikir tidak ada salah,nya kita coba dan minta
    angka bocoran MALAYSIA angka yang di berikan MBAH 6D dan alahamdulillah ternyata betul-betul tembus 100% bagi saudarah-saudarah di indonesia maupun di
    luar negeri apabila punya masalah hutang sudah lama belum lunas
    jangan putus asah beliau bisa membantu meringankan masalah anda dengan meriktualkan angka togel ghaib SINGAPURA/HONGKONG/MALAYSIA 2D,3D,4D,5D, Atau 6D yang betul-betul tembus
    hubungi MBAH KASENG di nomor 0823-1434-8847 silahkan anda buktikan sendiri
    demi allah saya sudah membuktikan angka dari MBAH sekrang giliran anda untuk MEMBUKTIKANNYA!!!

    ReplyDelete
  6. Sorry sir, this is double standard.

    I live in chennai and made this as my motherland and also love this state more than my state.

    Let me be frank, i have lived in most of the states in India and believe completly that Tamilians are more honest, loving, cultured, educated people when compared to most of the other states in India. Due to politics of Hindi and Tamil they are uncomfortable to work or do business in other states and so unable to prosper to the extent actually they are capable of.

    When last 60yrs they could do without tamil in court and still manage why to make this an issue?

    CM Jay Lalitha is one of the bold, Educated, Knowledgeable, Caring, unbiased lady with great Administrative and Managing capability. If you rank all the CM of India, she would be in the first three best CM of India.

    Like North indians are using religion in politics in TN language is being used for politics. Pls do not divide india in name of religion, cast, region, language etc. As far as possible let us all try to unite them more.

    As quoted by you "The real problems of the people of our sub continent are massive poverty, unemployment, malnourishment, lack of healthcare and good education, etc. These can only be solved by creating a massive modern industry, because it is only modern industry which can generate the wealth required to achieve our objective"

    This is what our CM is trying to do. If you make Tamil as court language there requires huge expense for translations, difficult for other state judges etc, etc....
    No way it is going to give us food, employment, healthcare etc...

    BTW CM Jaylalitha is for making Tamil an official language. But my opinion is there are many more other better ways to make tamil and tamilians more popular around the world. But lets all first focus on Education, Poverty eradication, Justice and Peace.Fact is if all these are present in our state Tamil will become popular, many strates and countries will like to do business with our state and come in search of employment and to impress us automatically learn and spread Tamil all over the world.

    Long Live Tamil, Tamilians and Indians.
    Jai Hind.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Sorry sir, this is double standard.

    I live in chennai and made this as my motherland and also love this state more than my state.

    Let me be frank, i have lived in most of the states in India and believe completly that Tamilians are more honest, loving, cultured, educated people when compared to most of the other states in India. Due to politics of Hindi and Tamil they are uncomfortable to work or do business in other states and so unable to prosper to the extent actually they are capable of.

    When last 60yrs they could do without tamil in court and still manage why to make this an issue?

    CM Jay Lalitha is one of the bold, Educated, Knowledgeable, Caring, unbiased lady with great Administrative and Managing capability. If you rank all the CM of India, she would be in the first three best CM of India.

    Like North indians are using religion in politics in TN language is being used for politics. Pls do not divide india in name of religion, cast, region, language etc. As far as possible let us all try to unite them more.

    As quoted by you "The real problems of the people of our sub continent are massive poverty, unemployment, malnourishment, lack of healthcare and good education, etc. These can only be solved by creating a massive modern industry, because it is only modern industry which can generate the wealth required to achieve our objective"

    This is what our CM is trying to do. If you make Tamil as court language there requires huge expense for translations, difficult for other state judges etc, etc....
    No way it is going to give us food, employment, healthcare etc...

    BTW CM Jaylalitha is for making Tamil an official language. But my opinion is there are many more other better ways to make tamil and tamilians more popular around the world. But lets all first focus on Education, Poverty eradication, Justice and Peace.Fact is if all these are present in our state Tamil will become popular, many strates and countries will like to do business with our state and come in search of employment and to impress us automatically learn and spread Tamil all over the world.

    Long Live Tamil, Tamilians and Indians.
    Jai Hind.

    ReplyDelete