Wednesday, 5 October 2016

Telengana

Telengana was till 2014, when it became a separate state, a part of Andhra Pradesh, the other two parts being Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema. The common feature in all these parts is the Telugu language.

Till 1948 Telengana was the main part of the dominions of the Nizam of Hyderabad, whereas Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema were under direct British rule, being part of Madras province.

Telengana became part of India in 1948, and part of the new state of Andhra Pradesh after the States Reorganization Act of 1956.

Telengana remained very backward under the feudal rule of the Nizams, and was significantly more backward than Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema. In protest against this feudal rule, the armed Telengana agitation led by the CPI started in 1946, using guerrilla warfare. Many people perished in this struggle.

When General Elections to the Lok Sabha were announced in 1952, many Telengana struggle leaders had arrest warrants against them, and were underground. They contested the elections while remaining underground, and due to their popularity won by huge majorities.

When these elected leaders came secretly to Delhi the problem before them was how to enter Parliament. There were still arrest warrants against them. So they decided to scale the wall of Parliament at midnight, and secretly enter, which they did.

When the police found this, they were about to arrest them, but then they received strict instructions from the Prime Minister Pt. Nehru not to do so. Next morning Nehru invited them to his residence, patted their backs, gave them choice snacks to eat, and said he admired them as they were bravely fighting against feudal oppression. He told them that the cases against them were all being withdrawn, and they could move about freely. They were given official accommodations, official cars, secretaries, servants, etc like other M.P.s,

In this way they were won over, and the armed rebellion collapsed, just as it happened in Nepal, where the leaders of the armed struggle like Prachanda and Bhattarai have been won over by providing them similar facilities and a comfortable life.

As I had mentioned earlier, Telengana was more backward than the other two parts of Andhra Pradesh viz. Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema, because it was under the Nizam's feudal rule. The medium of instruction in Telengana was Urdu, whereas that of the other two parts was English. The result was that when Telengana was combined with Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema, the Telengana boys, who did not know English ( whereas the boys from the other two parts of the state did ) could not qualify in the civil services examinations, as knowledge of English was compulsory. All the jobs in the civil services therefore went to the boys of Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema.. Consequently another agitation was started by the people of Telengana against this injustice, and this resulted in a Constitutional Amendment introducing Article 371D in the Constitution and promulgation of the ' mulki rules ', which provided for reservation of govt. jobs for people in a region within the state.

No doubt Telengana was more backward than the rest of Andhra Pradesh due to the Nizam's feudal rule, but when N.T. Rama Rao, who was himself from Coastal Andhra, became the Chief Minister in 1983 ( he remained C.M. till 1995 ) he sought to remove this disparity. He established schools and hospitals in Telengana, set up Mandals there, provided electricity to the region, etc. Consequently the disparity with the other two regions was considerably reduced.

In my opinion, therefore, there was no justification for grant of separate statehood to Telengana. Creation of a separate state costs a huge amount of money, which a poor country like ours can ill afford, and also a lot of dislocation and other problems. In fact when I went to Hyderabad in 2013 I said so in a television interview, which was widely telecast. The result was that a huge crowd of pro-Telengana demonstrators gathered in front of the Lake View Guest House where I was staying, and shouted slogans against me. Unfortunately, I had not brought my danda with me from Delhi, otherwise I would have dealt with them in an appropriate manner.

The agitation for separate statehood was led by that fraud KCR, who, adopting the tactics of another fraud, Gandhi, went on indefinite hunger strike

The next year, 2014, the Congress Govt. thinking that it would get them some seats in the coming Lok Sabha elections ( it did not ), announced creation of Telengana state, a move which has created immense problems, and has benefited no one except a few crooked politicians and businessmen

Hari Om

No comments:

Post a comment